Nanotechnology in India – FAQs

What is Nanotechnology?

The design, characterization, production, and application of structures, devices, and systems by controlled manipulation of size and shape at the nanometer scale (atomic, molecular, and macromolecular scale) that produces structures, devices, and systems with at least one novel/superior characteristic or property.

What are the application areas of Nanotechnology?

  1. Medicine
    1. Diagnostics
    2. Drug delivery
    3. Tissue engineering
  2. Chemistry and environment
    1. Catalysis
    2. Filtration
  3. Energy
    1. Reduction of energy consumption
    2. Increasing the efficiency of energy production
    3. The use of more environmentally friendly energy systems
    4. Recycling of batteries
  4. Information and communication
    1. Memory Storage
    2. Novel semiconductor devices
    3. Novel optoelectronic devices
    4. Displays
    5. Quantum computers
  5. Heavy Industry
    1. Aerospace
    2. Refineries
    3. Vehicle manufacturers
  6. Consumer goods
    1. Foods
    2. Household
    3. Optics
    4. Textiles
    5. Cosmetics

What are the efforts made by the government to promote nanotechnology

The government has been at the forefront of promoting nanotechnology industry in India through its three major funding agencies, namely Department of Science and Technology (DST, http://dst.gov.in ), Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR, http://dsir.nic.in ), and Department of Biotechnology (DBT http://dbtindia.nic.in ).

DST launched the Nano Science and Technology Initiative (NSTI) in 2001 under the leadership of Prof. C. N. R. Rao. Its aim is to make India a major player in this sector, and provided a total of $15 million for nanotechnology over 5 years. The NSTI funded about 100 research projects, and provided funding for setting up 10 core groups in nano science, 6 centres of nanotechnology, and one of computational materials science at different institutions across India. DST remains by far the largest funding agency. Government spending in nanotechnology through all its funding agencies amounted to less than $20 million in 2003/04 out of total R&D expenditure of about $3.03 billion (0.8% of GNP of India). According to government figures, the government has spent approximately $50 million over the past five years to promote R&D in the area of nanotechnology.

R&D activity in India is concentrated at the top 20 premier institutions like Indian Institute of Science, JawaharlalNehruCenter for Advanced Scientific Research, various Indian Institute of Technology, and universities like AnnaUniversity, University of Delhi. Defense organizations like Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) are also active contributors to R&D output from the country. These organizations will be profiled in greater detail in these columns. These institutes focus on basic research and include following research areas: synthesis of nanomaterials and nanocomposites, thin films processing and characterization, nano-sensors, nano-biotechnology, and superconductivity, micro- and nano-fabrication.

 

Which are the top nanotechnology companies in India?

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Which are the top nanotechnology Universities/Research Institutes in India?

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Who are the prominent personalities?

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What is the future of nanotechnology?

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Which nanotechnology courses are available in India?

Courses:

There are a number of institutes offering courses in Nano-Technology in India and out of the country. An M. Tech. in Nano- technology is P G degree providing an understanding of the technology. Related courses are M. Tech in Health-Care Nanotechnology & Ph.D. in Nano-technology.

Eligibility:

Candidates with a B. E / B. Tech degree in Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology or Pharmaceutical Technology who have secured at least a 65% marks.

Some institutes of India that offer nano-technology course are:

  • Indian Institute of Science ( Bangalore)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research (Bangalore)
  • National Chemical Laboratory (Pune)
  • National Physical Laboratory (Delhi)
  • Defence Materials Store Research & Development Organization, (Kanpur)
  • IITs (at Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur and Guwahati)
  • Central Scientific Instruments Organization (Chandigarh)
  • Amity Institute of Nano-technology (Noida)

What kind of career prospects are available within the field of nanotechnology in India?

With a professional degree in Nanotechnology under one’s belt, one will get job opportunities in biotech companies among several other avenues. In a biotech company, one’s work profile may include the fabrication of miniature systems and devices to be used in Nanomedicine or working on a nanoparticle-based molecular system for detecting biological warfare agents. One will also find employment opportunities in large pharmaceutical companies where one will be working on the delivery process of drugs or on the development of a new therapeutic drug.

There are a lot of opportunities available in the field of research in Nanotechnology; various research programmes in Nanotechnology are funded by the Government and universities across the country.

Nanotechnology is one field in which there are employment opportunities for engineers from all disciplines, The synthesis, functionalism characterizations, and optimization of materials are done by Chemical Engineers, which are a few among the variety of functions performed by them in the field of Nanotechnology, The development of non-material assembly processes, creation of test protocols and the preparation of reports are some of the other functions performed by Chemical Engineers. The design, production and testing of machines, instruments, controls, engines and mechanical, thermal or heat transfer systems is done by Mechanical Engineers. The designing of methods by virtue of which natural substances get changed into newer, stronger, and more resistant materials with unique properties is the work of Materials Engineers in the field of Nanotechnology.

Currently, there are around 500 MNC’s in the market who offer nanotech products while another 150 odd institutions are involved in research work in Nanotechnology, The Government of India offers considerable support for the generation of awareness and promotion of Nanotechnology, Two schemes related to Nanotechnology-the Nanoscience and Technology Initiative launched by the Department of Science and Technology and the Science and Technology Initiatives in Nanotechnology-are being promoted by the Government of India.

Several other work opportunities are also available in Nanotechnology, apart from that of a scientist or an engineer, Business development and administration, legal areas, and sales and marketing are few other areas, where one can work in the field of Nanotechnology.

With a professional degree in Nanotechnology under one`s belt, one can work as a scientist, academician, biotechnologist, systems designer, research officer or product designer.

Nanotechnology impacts all major sectors like solar energy, aerospace, environment, telecommunications, computing, etc. Nanotechnology has been widely used in number of movies, television series and video games too. By the year 2015, Nanotechnology is estimated to have grown to a $1 trillion industry. It is expected to revolutionise a number of fields like medicine and military. It is the technology of the future.